Texas’ 254 counties range in population from more than 4 million people (Harris County) to less than 100 (Loving County, on the New Mexico border).
Revenue and Taxes
Texas counties can levy both property and sales taxes to fund sheriff’s departments, jails and courthouses, hospitals, libraries, parks, utilities, economic development efforts and other public services.
Links at the right can provide you with detailed information on local sales and property tax rates throughout the state.
Budgets and Spending
Many of Texas’ counties post their budgets, annual reports and detailed spending information online. The Comptroller recognizes counties demonstrating exemplary local transparency achievements through its Transparency Stars program. Visit our Transparency Stars page to learn more about the program.
Even when they’re available online, deciphering county financial reports can be a challenge. That’s why we developed our Guide to Understanding Comprehensive Annual Financial Reports (CAFRs) and accompanying videos.
Texas counties issue debt to fund a variety of purposes such as jail construction, technology upgrades, equipment and supplies and road and bridge improvements.
Texas counties issue debt either by seeking approval through bond elections or, in some cases, by issuing certificates of obligation.
Links at the right can provide you with detailed information on local debt throughout the state.